Limitation period commences for the party making an application for setting aside Arbitration Award from the date of signed copy of the Award being delivered to it.

In a recent judgment, the Supreme Court ruled and reiterated that limitation period prescribed under Section 34(3) of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act would commence only from the date of the signed copy of the award delivered to the party making the application for setting it aside.
The said judgement was delivered in the matter of Anilkumar Jinabhai Patel (D) v Pravinchandra Jinabhai Patel, C.A. No. 3314 of 2018 (Arising out of S.L.P.(C) No. 15741 of 2017), decided on 27.03.2018. In the said case, the award was dated 07.07.1996, however, according to the appellants they learnt about the Arbitral Award only on 11.08.2005 when they were served with the notice of execution petition.


In this case, family members decided to make division of the assets of the family and had appointed arbitrators. About a decade after the award was passed by the arbitrators, one of the brothers approached district court with an application to set aside the award. Their case was that they learnt about the arbitral award only on 11.08.2005 when they were served with the notice of execution petition filed by one of the brothers along with the photocopy of the award dated 07.07.1996.

The district judge condoned the delay, holding that the period of limitation prescribed under Section 34(3) of the Act is to be computed from the point of time when the party concerned received the copy of the arbitral award. The High court, which set aside the district court order, enumerated various circumstances to hold that objectors were well aware of the award dated 07.07.1996.


The Apex Court bench approving the High Court’s view observed that the appellant has gone to the extent of even disputing his signatures in the Arbitral Award by drafting a choreographed petition. The bench relied on the judgment in the matter of State of Maharashtra and Ors v Ark Builders Pvt Ltd, wherein it was held that the expression “party making that application had received the arbitral award…” cannot be read in isolation and it must be understood that Section 31(5) of the Act which requires a signed copy of the award to be delivered to each party.

It concluded with dismissing the appeals of the appellant and stating that “Having accepted the award through the head of the family, appellant Nos. 1(a) to 1(d) and respondent No.10 cannot turn round and contend that they had not received the copy of the award”.